口语救生圈

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口语救生圈。流利度和连贯性是雅思口语的评分标准之一。其中,连接词和语篇标示词的使用是一项重要的评分项。不过大部分考生还是停留在and,but,so这三个简单的连词上。其实在考试中使用恰当的衔接词,不仅能体现出衔接词的地道和多样性,也会对内容的连贯性方面的分数会有直接提高。下面选取了题库中的答题范例,帮助童鞋们更好地学习记忆这些高分表达是如何使用衔接词的。

谈及;谈到;关于

口语救生圈

Speaking of; talking about; when it comes to; as far as ..is concerned.; as regards ; regarding; 通常用于帮助提示转移话题,或转换另一个角度或方面。

例1: Speaking of those old people who live alone, I guess their children would support them financially, and visit them on a regular basis.

例2: As for how I felt about our city museum, I think it serves significant purpose as far as education is concerned.

例3:When it comes to the drawbacks, I think students' study efficiency may be low since there is no teacher around to supervise and motivate them.

比较; 对比

1. On (the) one hand & on the other hand, while, whereas

以上几个衔接词可以在需要表示两种事物對比的情況时使用。

例1:Stores sometimes are smelly and stuffy, while supermarkets usually have more pleasant shopping environments.

口语救生圈

例2:Because older kids are more mature and better at self-control, whereas young children are always naughty and unmotivated.

2)However, in spite of this; nevertheless(formal);

① However,Nevertheless多用在句中时,前后两个句子中的观点是矛盾的,起到了强调转折的作用。不过由于Nevertheless是比较正式的表达,所以建议是在口语考试中的提高题部分(Part3),谈论比较深入的社会话题等时进行使用。

例:Our local government has promised to improve air quality. So far, however, little has been achieved.

② In spite of this也是表示but的意思,细微的差别在于相比于in spite of this前面已经说的内容,后面的观点让人感到surprised。类似的衔接词还有still, yet, despite this/that.

例:The train was an hour late. In spite of this, I managed to get to the meeting in time.

例2:It's not uncommon to see a bunch of friends sitting together for dinner or lunch, yet each one of them is staring at his or her own cell phone.

同样;就像

Similarly, in the same way, just as…

Similarly用来衔接前后两句话,突出两者的共同点,例如:男孩和女孩都喜欢使用社交网站。能够突出共同点的衔接词还有in the same way, just as(多用于句首).

例:The girls particularly enjoy using social networking websites. Similarly, nearly all the boys said they spent at least two to three hours a week on these sites.

而且;并且;加之

Besides, also, in addition, on top of that;as well as that;what is more; moreover(formal); furthermore(formal)

当需要对观点进行补充说明时,可以使用以上衔接词。这里同样,后面moreover, furthermore等较为正式的表达,建议是在提高题部分讨论较为深入的话题时进行使用,不建议在口语考试的基础题部分就大篇幅使用正式表达的词汇。

例:They need some other ways that can help them gain stable incomes. what is more, the local living environments should also be improved, as most of the local people are still living in shabby houses without proper sanitary facilities.

所以; 因此

as a result, Therefore, thus(formal), hence(formal), consequently(written)

当前后内容是因果的逻辑关系时,可以使用therefore/as a result进行连接。

例:Children eat more junk food and get less exercise than those of previous generations. It is not surprising, therefore/as a result, that rates of childhood obesity are on the increase.

也就是说;换句话说

That is to say/in other words能够起到对之前阐述的观点进一步解释说明的作用。

例:A good teacher should have the ability to bond with the students, and understand their feelings and emotions. That is to say/in other words, he needs to communicate with the students.

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